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Montenegro Agriculture and Fishing Overview
Agriculture in mountainous Montenegro is not very extensive and occurs mainly on the coast, where the Mediterranean climate is favorable for growing olives, citrus fruits, grapes and plums, among others. Potatoes, corn and wheat are also grown.
Agriculture is still an important industry and in 2015 contributed just over 10 percent to the gross domestic product, while at the same time it employed just over 5 percent of the labor force. Most of the agriculture is in private hands.
The problem for agriculture is that the farms are often small and many farmers old. As new investments in agriculture have long been neglected, with old-fashioned methods and low use of irrigation and artificial fertilizers as a result, production has been uneven and yields relatively poor. However, a long-term program (2015-2020) to adapt agriculture to EU agricultural policy is underway; for 2017, five million euros (of which just over half from the EU) were estimated to be invested in improvements and modernization of the sector, as well as in rural initiatives.
Fishing mainly occurs off the short coast towards the Adriatic, but it is limited and has no economic significance.
FACTS - AGRICULTURE
Agriculture's share of GDP
6.8 percent (2017)
Percentage of land used for agriculture
19.0 percent (2016)
The first parade is held
For the first time, a pride parade is held in the capital Podgorica. Counter-protesters attack the parade participants but are met by police. Twenty police officers are injured in the violence and about 60 activists are arrested.
Language settlement is rejected
The Constitutional Court rejects a settlement between government and opposition (see September 2011) that Serbs should receive the same status as Montenegrin in the country's schooling. The opposition describes the court's decision as provocative against the Serbian minority.
Protests against the President
When President Filip Vujanović is installed for his third term, the ceremony is boycotted in the parliament by the opposition, which claims that Democratic Front leader Miodrag Lekić won the presidential election in April. When the president appears in public, he is met by protesters who scan "thieves, thieves", in a protest that goes under the motto "March against the mafia".
The President re-elected
The incumbent President Filip Vujanović wins the presidential election with 51.2 percent of the vote over opposition Miodrag Lekić, who gets 48.8 percent. The opposition protests and claims electoral fraud.
Debate on citizenship rules
Montenegro offers the volatile (except high taxes) French actor Gérard Depardieu citizenship but content himself with letting him become the spokesman for Montenegrin culture, since it turns out that he has already obtained Russian citizenship. This raises the blood of the many thousands of residents, mainly Serbs, of former Yugoslavia who vainly awaited Montenegrin citizenship despite the fact that they may have lived their entire lives in Montenegro - "ordinary" people may not have dual citizenship while doing well for celebrities, who could advertise the country, or wealthy people (including those involved in organized crime), who could invest in Montenegro.